Farming, Equipment and Machinery

Use of machinery

The continued improvement in agricultural technology has led to the improvement of existing machinery. From tilling the land, planting and harvesting, there are different machines that can be used to improve efficiency. The seeding drills and trowels can be used during planting while the manure spreaders- dry or wet- and sprayers can be used during the application of fertilizer. During harvesting, the combined harvester, cotton picker, farm trucks, grape harvester and grain cart could be used while the density, colour, blemish, diameter, weight, diameter sorters could be used to sort out the produce. For irrigation purposes, the sprinklers, drip irrigation systems and hydroponics can be used to make work easier. Given the high cost of machinery, the farmer could look out for farm machinery for sale to save on costs of acquisition and assembly.

Read more about farm machinery for sale

Farming is the background of many societies given that it is the source of food, raw materials for different manufacturing and processing industries and an important source of employment- directly or indirectly. Given its importance, farmers must treat their farms like other business. This implies that the farmers require a high level of optimisation and efficiency in order to maximise on revenue and profits. To improve the return on investment, there are several things that the farmer could do. 

Qualified staff

Most people assume that the agricultural sector does not require skilled labour. However, professional farms will have mix of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled labour in order to succeed. The skilled employees are out in charge of those who have little or no training in order to train them and guide them. Training can be done through apprenticeship or the farm owner could organise for the workers to acquire formal training. Qualified staff will understand the strategies to use, the quantities of different products to use, the timelines to follow for different activities in order to produce quality products.

Processes and strategies

As with all other businesses, the farmer is expected to have an operating strategy. This will include the goals and objectives and how these goals and objectives will be achieved. Remember that a strategy is not complete without processes. What is the process that will be used to issue materials and equipment to employees, what procedure should be followed when employees need to requisition for cash, seeds, fertilizers and other farm inputs? These processes prevent misuse of resources and promotes accountability when problems arise.

Specialisation vs diversification

Specialisation ensures that the farmers are experts in a specific field say dairy farming. However, it may work against them in situations where there are adverse climatic conditions or insects that attack a certain type of crops. Diversification on the other hand means that the farmer produces as many types of crops and rears as many types of animals as possible. It may protect against insect attacks but it minimises the economies of scale which can make the farm inefficient. Specialisation is advisable in the long run since it has a greater return on investment given the economies of scale that come with large scale production.